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A special guardian is someone who has been granted a special guardianship order to provide that child with a permanent home until they reach 18. They are not the child’s parent, but they are the child’s main carer, who will raise them into adulthood.
Unlike adoption, the special guardianship order does not remove parental responsibility from the parents. But it does give the special guardian ‘exclusive’ parental responsibility. This means that when decisions need to be made for a child, the special guardian should still consult with the parents. But the special guardian has the final say and can make decisions that the parents do not agree with.